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Personal Information
College Photo Name De Vries, Jan
College Address Nursing,
D'Olier Street - School Of Nursing
Main Department Nursing
College Title Assistant Professor
E-mail jan.devries@tcd.ie
College Tel +353 1 896 4032
 
Biography
Dr. de Vries is a psychologist who specialises in clinical and health psychology, stress management, cognitive neuroscience, and social psychology. He holds a PhD in Psychology from Trinity College Dublin and an MSc and BSc from Utrecht University in The Netherlands. Dr. de Vries started his research career in the Netherlands at Utrecht University where he was a researcher in the Theatre, Film and Television Department. The research focussed on emotions in spectators of theatre and film. At that time he also started his research on stress management in performers, which was the topic of his Masters thesis in the Netherlands and later his PhD in Ireland. The research included a survey of performers, semi-structured interviews, design and evaluation of an intervention for performers in training (including follow-up), and led to the design of stress management workshops. He moved to Ireland in 1994 to extend and complete the research started in the Netherlands. While in Ireland he got involved in a variety of projects including a feasibility study for TCD and DIT on setting up of an Arts Therapies programme. This included focus groups. Later he set up, coordinated, and evaluated an extensive programme of dialogue, healing and reconciliation at the Glencree Centre of Reconciliation (Enniskerry, Co. Wicklow). In 2000 he was offered a visiting professorship at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles. He stayed in the USA for six year combining teaching of a variety of psychology classes with research on dating services. At present he is lecturing in psychology in the School of Nursing and Midwifery in TCD and involved in a variety of research programmes originating in the School. He is a reviewer for Family and Marriage review and was a member of the Stress Management Policy Development group for the Health Service Executive (HSE). This present research activities include the Cognitive Neuroscience of Cognitive Dissonance; Applications of Cognitive Dissonance (to Hand Hygiene and Conflict Management); Psychology Teaching in Nursing; Various Evaluations of Mental Health Programmes and other training programmes; Leadership in Nursing; Accident Proneness and Functional Health Patterns, and Community Integration in People with and Intellectual Disability.
 
Teaching interests and responsibilities
Over 20 years experience as a university lecturer in the Netherlands, Ireland, Britain, Europe and USA. I have taught most undergraduate Psychology topics, plus Health Psychology and Stress Management, Trauma Theory and Treatment, Research Methods, Psychology of Peace and Reconciliation, and Reception Research in Theatre and Film. I have developed courses and curricula and workshops for students, performers in training and academic staff. I am particularly interested in the application of psychology to fields that have a practal impact on human quality of life.
 
Professional Qualifications
Qualification Institution Class of Degree Title of Dissertation Date Conferred
PhD Trinity College Dublin   Stage Fright and an intervention for performers 2000
MSc Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands   Stage Fright: Fear of Sucess or Fear of Failure 1983
BSc Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands     1978
 
Representations
Details Date
 
Administrative Functions
Details Level Date From Date To
 
Membership of Professional Institutions, Associations, Societies
Details Date From Date To
Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI) 2006 present
Netherlands Institute for Psychologists (NIP) 1987 present
 
Awards and Honours
Award Date
 
Education Details
School/College Date From Date To
Department of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin 1994 2000
Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands 1975 1983
 
Languages
Language Skill Reading Skill Writing Skill Speaking
Dutch Fluent Fluent Fluent
English Fluent Fluent Fluent
French Medium Medium Medium
German Fluent Medium Medium
 
Research Institutes / Centres / Groups
Research Institutes / Centres / Groups Description of Role Date From Date To
Trinity Inst. of Neurosciences (TCIN) Researcher 30-SEP-09 30-SEP-13
 
Employment Details
Position Held Job Description Where Date From Date To
Psychology Lecturer and Subject Leader lecturer in psychology Trinity College Dublin 2007 present
part-time lecturer lecturer in stress management and health and safety Dublin Institute of Technology 2006 present
part-time lecturer lecturer in music education and psychology Griffith College Dublin 2006 present
part-time lecturer lecturer in psychology Dun Laoghaire Institute of Art, Design, and Technology (IADT) 2006 2007
visiting professor professorship in psychology Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, USA 2001 2006
More Employment Details>>>
 
Description of Research Interests
Main interests: - Stress and Stress Management - Trauma and Trauma Treatment - Cognitive dissonance: neuroscience and applications General Areas of Interest: - General Psychology - Social Psychology - Health Psychology
 
Research Interests
Applied Psychology Behavior Modification Behavioural Neuroscience CONFLICT
Clinical Psychology Clinical psychology Cognitive science Conflict Management and Resolution
Creative music education Crisis Counseling Development, prevention and treatment of mental disease or disorder Developmental Psychology
Emotional, behavioural and cognitive disorders Health Communication Health attitudes and behaviour Health psychology
Information technology in education Innovation in learning Leadership in nursing Mental health nursing
Mental health promotion Neuropsychology Neuroscience and Cognition Nursing
Peace Psychology Peace Studies Performance practice Psychosomatic Disorders
Rehabilitation Research issues specifice to any health profession Social Psychology Stress
Stress Management Trauma Violence Prevention
 
Research Projects
Project title Cognitive Dissonance and fMRI
Summary The aim of this study is to investigate the neural response to cognitive dissonance (CD) using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The objective is to identify how common everyday events that could generate dissonance are processed in the brain. On the basis of present neurological evidence it is hypothesised that the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and parts of the prefrontal cortex are implicated. Most of the research is based on relatively contrived lab tasks. This study attempts to establish whether the hypothesis still holds when CD induction takes place in a more naturalistic way presenting participants with day to day situations that generate dissonance. The study is part of a wider effort to bridge the gap between research on social cognition and neuroscience.Background Cognitive Dissonance (CD) (Festinger, 1957) is the result of simultaneously holding two or more inconsistent cognitions, or exhibiting behaviour that is inconsistent with beliefs or values. This is experienced as an uncomfortable tension motivating efforts to reduce dissonance and therefore discomfort. This is commonly done by changing cognitions or behaviours, but also by trivialising or seeking distraction. Evidence from neurological studies suggests that dissonance discomfort is detected in various brain structures, notably the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), while efforts to resolve it take place in the prefrontal cortex (Amodio et al, 2004; Harmon-Jones et al., 2008). Research Approach and Design Main Study: The study has made use of a within-subject 2 x 2 design + baseline condition. Participants have all undergone the same procedure. They have been presented with a series of questions while undergoing an fMRI scan. In the experimental condition, the stimulus consists of (1) a primer which presents a common value; followed by (2) a memory prompt to think of personal violations of this value. Dissonance has been found to occur as a result. Three control conditions have provided necessary contrasts for fMRI analysis. They use the same format with contrasting primers and memory prompts. Pilot Study: To select the items for inclusion in the fMRI study, a pilot study has taken place in which the memory prompts have been introduced. Those that were recalled most consistently have formed the pool of items used in the experimental condition of the study. Objectives for 2013/2014 were to complete the analysis of the findings, submit the first article and apply for funding for a PhD study on cognitive dissonance and depression. These objectives were achieved. Objectives for 2014/2015: ethics application and start data collection for PhD study; publication of fMRI study; design of follow-up fMRI study
Funding Agency Trinity College
Programme New Staff Start up Fund
Type of Project Neuroscience
Date from Sept 2009
Date to Sept 2015
Person Months 48


Project title Narratives of Nursing Leadership
Summary Nursing leadership is a theme of considerable debate in health care and health care education. The need for nursing leadership is expressed frequently and with increasing urgency. Spurred onwards by recent developments in health care such as the move towards more community based care it is inevitable that the largest group of health care professionals is called upon to take responsibility. Because nurses are in more frequent contact with patients than their superiors in management they are in a unique position to respond quickly and effectively to situations that require instant intervention. This requires leadership on the ground, relevant expertise and confidence in nurses. Whether they are prepared well enough for these new leadership challenges is a matter of concern (Curtis et al. 2011a). And while there is evidence to suggest that leadership qualities can be taught, modelled and practiced in health care settings (Cumming et al 2008)organisational and educational obstacles and limitations (Cummings et al 2005) have been noted in various studies (Curtis et al. 2011b). Publications on nursing leadership have shed considerable light on paradigmatic issues, health care practices and work conditions (Cummings et al (2005), leadership traits and behaviours and other psychological and social factors, and even political and economic aspects. Not well represented in these publications are the actual leadership activities as performed in the day to day work of nurses. This has led to the less than satisfying situation that the theory has become divorced from what happens on the ground. While there is empirical evidence for what nurses consider important leadership characteristics and even that transformational leadership may be more effective than transactional leadership (McCormack 2012), much of the analysis takes place at a theoretical and abstract level, with limited implications for practice as understood by the nurses themselves. Even in recent practice oriented publications such as (Eneh et al 2012; Gottlieb et al 2012) there is little indication of what kind of leadership activities nurses actually engage in or what they consider good leadership activities. Having identified this gap in the literature, the authors are setting out to identify the missing narrative element in the discussion using a survey instrument which essentially seeks to get nurses to give concrete examples of good leadership activities they had witnessed or engaged in. Objective for 2013/2014: ethical application and approval. This was achieved. Objectives for 2014/2015: pilot study and main surveys; data gathering and data analysis to take place
Funding Agency
Programme
Type of Project nursing research
Date from 2012
Date to 2015
Person Months 12


Project title Suicide or Survive (SOS) Evaluation II: Longitudinal Study
Summary Following from a recently completed evaluation of the Suicide or Survive workshops, another longitudinal evaluation of the impact of the workshops is taking place. The team consists of Louise Doyle, Agnes Higgins, Brian Keogh, Padraigh McBennet and Jan de Vries.
Funding Agency HSE
Programme
Type of Project Evaluation study
Date from July 2013
Date to Sept 2014
Person Months 12


Project title LGBTIreland
Summary This mixed method study seeks to (a) survey LGBTI people in Ireland on their mental health; (b) survey perspectives on LGBT of the wider public including stereotyping
Funding Agency GLEN and BeLongto
Programme
Type of Project
Date from 2013
Date to 2015
Person Months 4


Project title Evaluation of a community-based initiative at an Irish service for people with an intellectual disability.
Summary This study evaluated a community housing initiative for people with and intelectual disability in Ireland. With the use of interviews and an evaluation of Personal Outcome Measures(POMs),satisfaction of participants with the living arrangements and quality of life are assessed. Objectives 2013/2014: complete study; produce draft report; present at conferences. All objectives were achieved. Objectives 2014/2015: complete final report and publish peer reviewed article.
Funding Agency Anonymous
Programme
Type of Project Evaluation study
Date from 2012
Date to 2014
Person Months 3


More Research Projects>>>
 
Publications and Other Research Outputs
Peer Reviewed
Colomer, J. De Vries JMA, Person-centred dementia care: a reality check in two nursing homes in Ireland, Dementia, 0, (0), 2014, p1 - 13
Notes: [on line publication 3/11/14]
DOI  URL
De Vries, JMA, Byrne, M., Kehoe, E., Cognitive Dissonance induction in everyday life: an fMRI study. , Social Neuroscience, 2014
De Vries, JMA, Doyle, L., O'Shea, M. Higgins, A.,Keogh, B., McBennet, P., Measuring mental health self-efficacy in the evaluation of a public mental health intervention, 15th Healthcare Interdisciplinary Research Conference, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, 2014, 5-6 November , 2014
Byrne, M., Kehoe, E., De Vries, J.M.A., Cognitive Dissonance Induction in Everyday Life:, 44th Anual PSI Conference, Kilkenny, Newpark Hotel, 12-15 November, 2014
 
Non Peer Reviewed
Doyle L., OShea M.T., Keogh B., de Vries J., McBennett P. and Higgins A., Suicide or Survive: Wellness Workshop Evaluation Report , Dublin: School of Nursing and Midwifery Trinity College Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, August, 2014, 147
More Publications and Other Research Outputs >>>

References
Name Address email Telephone Details
Dorothy Chin Department of Behavioral Studies Santa Monica College 1900 Pico Blvd Santa Monica, CA 90405 dchin@ucla.edu +1 (310) 434 3542 Head of Pscyhology Department
Michael O'Sullivan LMU One LMU Drive Los Angeles, CA 90045 USA mosulliv@lmu.edu +1 (310) 338 3015 Head of Department of Psychology
;

Last updated 3 June 2014 nursing.midwifery@tcd.ie (Email).